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:: Volume 4, Issue 2 (Summer 2015, Issue 13 2015) ::
Socialworkmag 2015, 4(2): 50-59 Back to browse issues page
Summery Social Planning History and Development
Ali Hajyousefi
Alame university , haj yousf@gmail.com
Abstract:   (9599 Views)

Introduction: From a historical approach, social planning comes from social philosophy theories and development of social sciences of the late 19th century. After the World War I because of unorganized situations of the European countries, the first models of social development planning paid less attention to basic theories and used engineering principles and techniques. So the aim of the paper is to review social engineering and development of social planning.
Method: Systematic review is used in this paper as a research method. Thus different documents as papers and books related to social engineering, social planning, social work, and socioeconomic development were reviewed. Finally, the researcher used 17 documents in the study.
Results: Early 1940s and 1950s social engineering was a scientific attempt to analyze the reality of society, planning for developing the future and preventing social problems. But it was revealed that it’s not possible to analyze and assess complex relationship between social problems by mathematical models and it couldn’t make a comprehensive model to cover all social and nonsocial variables. So practically social engineering was put aside and social planning techniques and principles were mentioned in academic views. After World War II, along with social, economic and political evolutions, considering social planning was seemed to be necessary.
Conclusions:  In the last decades, social planning consists of practical methods and techniques and becomes an independent knowledge of social and economic sciences and social work. Nowadays experiences of different countries reveal that according to the nature of social planning, it is completely influenced by the social, economic and political situation of each society, thus its methods and techniques aren’t significant factors by themselves.

Keywords: Social Planning, Social Engineering, Social Needs, Socio-economic Development
Full-Text [PDF 294 kb]   (8064 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/12/1 | Accepted: 2016/05/19 | Published: 2016/07/13
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Hajyousefi A. Summery Social Planning History and Development. Socialworkmag 2015; 4 (2) :50-59
URL: http://socialworkmag.ir/article-1-78-en.html

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Volume 4, Issue 2 (Summer 2015, Issue 13 2015) Back to browse issues page
Quarterly Journal of Social Work
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