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:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (Winter 2020, Issue 35 2021) ::
Socialworkmag 2021, 9(4): 21-32 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Attributional Retraining Program on Learned Helplessness and Achievement Motivation in Students with Low Academic Achievement in Middle School
Kamyar Azemi1, Yaser Garavand 2, Mehdi Arabzadeh3
1- Faculty of psychology and educational science, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
2- Faculty of psychology and educational science, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz , yasergaravand2015@gmail.com
3- Department of educational psychology, faculty of educational psychology and educational science, Kharazmi University
Abstract:   (294 Views)
Introduction:  When learned helplessness formed in the person, the path to any motivation and effort ends, and in that person's mind any movement results in failures. The present research was aimed at the effectiveness of the attributional retraining program on the learned helplessness and achievement motivation of students with low academic achievement.
Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, a post-test design with a control group was used. Thirty-two boy middle school students with low academic achievement from Karaj were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling method and randomly assigned in two treatment and control groups for each sixteen people. The treatment group participated in nine sessions of sixty minutes for five weeks and two times a week in the attributional retraining program. After the intervention, the two groups completed the learned helplessness and achievement motivation questionnaires and their data were compared through multivariate analysis of variance(MANOVA).
Results: The results of multivariate analysis of covariance showed that compared to the control group, the treatment group showed a significant decrease in learned helplessness and a significant improvement in achievement motivation.
Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that training an attributional retraining program can reduce the learned helplessness of students with low academic achievement and improve their achievement motivation. 
Keywords: Attributional Retraining, Learned Helplessness, Achievement Motivation, Low Academic Achievement
Full-Text [PDF 616 kb]   (218 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/09/17 | Accepted: 2021/03/5 | Published: 2021/03/5
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Azemi K, Garavand Y, Arabzadeh M. The Effect of Attributional Retraining Program on Learned Helplessness and Achievement Motivation in Students with Low Academic Achievement in Middle School. Socialworkmag. 2021; 9 (4) :21-32
URL: http://socialworkmag.ir/article-1-559-en.html


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Volume 9, Issue 4 (Winter 2020, Issue 35 2021) Back to browse issues page
Quarterly Journal of Social Work
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